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10 Factors Affecting Entrepreneurship In Nigeria Today and Their Solutions (2023)

10 Factors Affecting Entrepreneurship In Nigeria Today

Entrepreneurs are modern-day visionaries who spot opportunities where others might see obstacles. 

They’re the architects of change, constructing businesses from the ground up, and architecting a brighter future for themselves and their communities.

Entrepreneurship isn’t just about profit margins and business plans; it’s about making an impact, leaving a lasting legacy. Entrepreneurs dream big, envisioning a world transformed by their ideas and solutions. They believe in their ability to bring positive change, and that unwavering belief becomes the fuel that propels them forward.

But let’s not forget the human side of entrepreneurship. 

Behind every business idea, there’s always a person with hopes, fears, and dreams. 

Entrepreneurs do face sleepless nights and even some moments of self-doubt, just like anyone else. However, it’s their determination and the support of their loved ones that keep them going.

So, if you ever find yourself contemplating the entrepreneurial journey, remember that it’s a thrilling adventure filled with the joy of creation, the satisfaction of overcoming challenges, and the potential to make a meaningful impact on the world.

I would have loved to keep this going but no, you need to explore what you’re here for!

In this write-up, I will show you the top 10 factors affecting entrepreneurship in Nigeria today, the reasons behind these challenges, and better solutions.

Let’s get going!

10 Factors Affecting Entrepreneurship In Nigeria Today

10 Factors Affecting Entrepreneurship In Nigeria Today
10 Factors Affecting Entrepreneurship In Nigeria Today

Getting started on the list of top 10 factors affecting entrepreneurship in Nigeria, below is everything you should know:

Access to Finance

One of the greatest and most significant challenges faced by Nigerian entrepreneurs today is limited access to finance. 

Traditional banking systems usually view start-ups as risky ventures and demand stringent collateral, which most entrepreneurs couldn’t provide thereby hindering many aspiring entrepreneurs from accessing the needed capital to kickstart their businesses.

How Finance Affects Entrepreneurship

  • High default rates discourage banks from lending to new businesses.
  • Limited financial literacy among entrepreneurs leads to poorly structured loan applications.


  • Government-backed loan programs with flexible repayment terms and flexible interest rates are one of the best solutions to the factors affecting entrepreneurship in the country.
  • Another important thing is establishing venture capital funds to invest in start-ups by banks or sectors that have the funds.
  • Enhancing financial literacy and entrepreneurial training programs.

Inadequate Infrastructure

Another of the list top 10 factors affecting entrepreneurship in Nigeria today is “Inadequate Infrastructure”.

Inadequate infrastructure, including power supply, transportation, and internet connectivity, presents a great obstacle for Nigerian entrepreneurs. 

Frequent power outages and poor road networks are not unusual and they increase operational costs and hinder business expansion in the country.

How Inadequate Infrastructure Affects Entrepreneurship

  • Decades of underinvestment in infrastructure.
  • Corruption and mismanagement of funds allocated for infrastructure development.


  • Public-private partnerships to finance and upgrade infrastructure projects.
  • Making use of technology to overcome connectivity challenges.

Transparent and accountable governance in infrastructure development is also important if we really need to tackle the factors affecting entrepreneurship in Nigeria.

Limited Market Access

The nature of Nigeria’s market and lack of efficient distribution channels have posed challenges for entrepreneurs trying to reach a broader customer base.


  • Poor transportation and logistics infrastructure.
  • Inadequate market information and data.


  • The very first solution is by investing in modern distribution networks.
  • We don’t have enough e-commerce platforms, however, establishing more e-commerce platforms to reach remote areas is a good idea in combating problems faced by entrepreneurs.
  • Conducting market research and providing access to reliable data.

Lack of Skilled Labor

On the list of top 10 factors affecting entrepreneurship in Nigeria, we also have the “Lack Of Skilled Labor”.

Until we begin to examine we lack of skilled labor, combating problems faced by most entrepreneurs may not be possible.

Read: Best Cities And States In Nigeria To Do Business With Little Capital And Earn Huge Profit in 2023

The scarcity of skilled workers in specific industries hinders entrepreneurial growth in Nigeria. 

Many entrepreneurs struggle to find employees with the necessary expertise to support their business operations.

Shielding Light (Reasons) To How Entrepreneurs Are Being Affected By The Lack Of Skilled Labor

  • Insufficient investment in education and vocational training.
  • Brainstorm drain, as skilled workers seek better opportunities abroad.

The Way Out (Solutions)

  • Enhancing vocational training programs that aligned with industry needs.
  • Encouraging public-private partnerships in skill development.
  • Implementing policies to attract and retain skilled workers.

Inadequate Intellectual Property Protection

Another essential on the list of top 10 factors affecting entrepreneurship in Nigeria today is definitely an “inadequate intellectual property protection”.

Intellectual property theft and weak enforcement of copyright laws are known for discouraging entrepreneurs from investing in ventures that are innovative because their ideas and creations are at risk of being copied.

The Rightful Solutions:

  • Strengthening intellectual property laws and enforcement mechanisms.
  • Educating entrepreneurs about the benefits of patenting and trademarking.
  • Establishing specialized IP courts to carry out legal proceedings.

Limited Access to Technology

Yes, even neighboring countries are doing better than us. Imagine a country called “giant of Africa”!

Many entrepreneurs in Nigeria face challenges in adopting and integrating modern technologies into their businesses due to high costs and limited expertise.

They cannot get these technologies because of the high import expenses of technology equipment.


  • Reducing import fees on technology-related goods.
  • Establishing technology hubs and incubators to support start-ups.
  • Providing grants and incentives for technology adoption.

Cultural and Social Norms

Another factor affecting entrepreneurship in Nigeria is the “Cultural and Social Norms”.

Read: Top 5 Fastest Growing Businesses To Start In Nigeria Right Now

Traditional cultural norms and attitudes towards entrepreneurship may discourage individuals, especially women, from pursuing business ventures.

For instance, the pressure to pursue traditional career paths e.g hunting, fishing, carpentry, etc. This is one of the factors affecting Nigeria’s entrepreneurship.


  • Promoting entrepreneurship as a viable career choice through awareness campaigns.
  • Empowering women entrepreneurs through mentorship and financial support.

Access to Education

On the list of top 10 factors affecting entrepreneurship in Nigeria is the “limited access to quality education”.

Our educational system is not standard enough and the limited access to quality education, particularly in rural areas, affects entrepreneurial development by hindering individuals from acquiring the necessary knowledge and skills.


  • Increasing budgetary allocation to education.
  • Promoting public-private partnerships to improve school facilities.
  • Laying emphasis on entrepreneurship education in the curriculum.

Taxation and Regulation

High tax rates and complex tax regulations burden entrepreneurs. Imagine a business small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that pay hefty taxes!

The major solution here is that the government should simplify tax procedures for SMEs.

FAQs On The List Of Top 10 Factors Affecting Entrepreneurship In Nigeria Today

Here are some frequently asked questions on the list of top 10 factors affecting entrepreneurship in Nigeria today with their respective answers:

What are the key sectors with high entrepreneurial potential in Nigeria?

Nigeria has various sectors with high entrepreneurial potential, including agriculture, technology, renewable energy, healthcare, and creative industries. 

These sectors offer opportunities for innovation, scalability, and sustainable growth, attracting both local and foreign entrepreneurs.

How can aspiring entrepreneurs in Nigeria overcome the challenge of access to finance?

Aspiring entrepreneurs can explore various avenues to overcome the challenge of access to finance in Nigeria.

They can seek out government-backed loan programs, approach venture capital firms or investors, or explore crowdfunding platforms. 

Additionally, participating in business plan competitions and networking with potential investors can also help secure funding.

What government policies support entrepreneurship in Nigeria?

The Nigerian government has introduced several policies and initiatives to support entrepreneurship. 

These include tax incentives for start-ups, the establishment of entrepreneurship development centers and incubators, funding schemes, and the promotion of local content policies to encourage patronage of Nigerian goods and services.

How can entrepreneurs protect their intellectual property in Nigeria?

Entrepreneurs can protect their intellectual property in Nigeria by registering patents, trademarks, and copyrights through the Nigerian Copyright Commission and the Nigerian Intellectual Property Office.

It is essential to consult legal experts to ensure compliance with relevant laws and ensure proper enforcement of intellectual property rights.

What are the success stories of Nigerian entrepreneurs?

Nigeria has produced numerous successful entrepreneurs who have achieved remarkable feats in their respective industries. 

Some notable success stories include Aliko Dangote (Dangote Group), Ibukun Awosika (Chairman, First Bank of Nigeria), Jason Njoku (iROKOtv), and Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala (former Finance Minister and DG of WTO), among others.

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